Donji Kamenjak i medulinski arhipelag (Lower Kamenjak and the Medulin Archipelago)

The Kamenjak Peninsula is located in the southernmost part of Istria.

A Piece of the True Mediterranean in the Northern Adriatic

The Kamenjak Peninsula is located in the southernmost part of Istria. The scents of medicinal herbs and sea salt, the buzzing of bees and the murmur of the sea merge at Kamenjak into a true sense of nature. The area used to be covered in holm oak forests that have been degraded over the centuries by timber harvesting and cattle grazing and have finally turned into grasslands with an abundance of plant species. These open habitats are a treasure trove of biodiversity and are protected under the Habitats Directive of the EU. The particularly distinctive and valuable landscape of Kamenjak is a combination of forests, grasslands, garrigue, maquis and rocky ground.

The Habitat of Many Endangered Species

Kamenjak is also one of the rare habitats of endangered and protected species such as the least adder's-tongue (Ophioglossum lusitanicum) and woolly chamomile (Anthemis tomentosa), and the only known site in Croatia for the extremely rare and endangered yellow centaury (Cicendia filiformis). Almost 100 million years ago, dinosaurs used to walk on Kamenjak, and a glimpse of these prehistoric times remain forever preserved in many fossils that can be found on the shores of Kamenjak. A walking path on the Grakalovac peninsula will lead you to the site of fossilised dinosaur footprints.

Climate, Flora and Fauna

From the boškarin to the Cleopatra butterfly

On the Kamenjak Peninsula, near Polje Cove, there is a farm where you can still feel the spirit of old times and see autochthonous Istrian cattle, the boškarin. From there, gravel paths spread like a spider web into the most secluded corners of Kamenjak. While walking, you can encounter the Cleopatra, various species of gossamer-winged butterflies, the orange tip and even the clouded yellow which make up only a fraction of as many as 50 butterfly species found in the area.

Typically Mediterranean Climate

The Kamenjak Peninsula is a place with many sunny days throughout the year where total annual precipitation is significantly lower (210 mm) than that of the neighbouring Pula or Medulin (872 mm). Such characteristics contribute to the typically Mediterranean climate, and it is precisely thanks to this favourable climate that the area can be used throughout the year for outdoor, recreation or sports activities.